Beaumont Taekwondo Centre

Taekwondo Patterns

Patterns
Patterns are very important in Taekwondo where students learn a sequence of movements incorporating kicks, punches and blocks. There are 24 patterns to learn in Taekwondo which, according to General Choi Hong Hi represent, “24 hours, one day, or all my life.” In each of these the student systematically deals with several imaginary opponents under various assumptions, using every available attacking and blocking tool from different directions. Thus pattern practice enables the student to go through many fundamental movements in series, to develop sparring techniques, improve flexibility of movements, master body shifting, build muscles and breath control, develop fluid and smooth motions and gain rhythmical movements. Though sparring may merely indicate that an opponent is more or less advanced, patterns are a more critical barometer in evaluating an individual’s technique.

The following rules are observed when performing patterns:

  • Pattern should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This indicates the performer’s accuracy.
  • Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.
  • Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.
  • The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with the absence of stiffness.
  • Movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to instructions.
  • Each pattern should be perfected before moving to the next.
  • Students should know the purpose of each movement.
  • Students should perform each movement with realism.
  • Attack and defence techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet.

Meaning of Patterns
The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolize either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events. Students are questioned on the meaning of each pattern at grading. (Click on a pattern below to view the video for that pattern)

  • CHON-JI means ‘the Heaven the Earth’.  In the Orient it is interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history.  Therefore, it is the initial pattern of the beginner, consisting of two similar parts – one representing Heaven and the other Earth.  19 movements.
  • DAN-GUN is named after the hold Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 B.C. 21 movements. 
  • DO-SAN is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938).  The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.  24 movements.
  • WON-HYO was the note monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D. 28 movements. 
  • YUL-GOK is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the ‘Confucius  of Korea’.   The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38 degree latitude and the diagram represents ‘scholar’.  38 movements.
  • JOONG-GUN is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger.  There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).  32 movements.
  • TOI-GYE is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confusism.  The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37 degree latitude, the diagram represents ‘scholar’.  37 movements.
  • HWA-RANG is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century.  The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwondo developed into maturity.  29 movements.
  • CHOONG-MOO was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty.  He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine.  The reason why this pattern ends with a left-hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.  30 movements.
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